OrthoMed Center offers joint replacement surgery for patients with ongoing joint pain that cannot be managed with nonsurgical treatment. For some patients, nonsurgical treatments like anti-inflammatory medications, injections, physical therapy, and walking supports may be sufficient. For others, those treatments have not helped. Joint replacement surgery is the alternative surgical treatment for these patients suffering from severe joint pain, stiffness, limping, muscle weakness, limited motion, and swelling.
The most common causes of joint problems are osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis. Other contributing factors that may weaken joints and lead to arthritis include:
- Joint development problems
- Repetitive injuries
- Trauma to joint cartilage (the cushioning tissue at the end of the bones)
While obesity or being overweight doesn’t directly cause arthritis, they can contribute to joint problems as excess weight puts more stress on joints, particularly weight-bearing joints like the hips and knees.
Joint replacement surgery offers patients several life-changing benefits that can help:
- Eliminate joint pain
- Correct a deformity
- Improve the patient’s mobility
- Treat advanced arthritis
The most common joint replacement surgeries are hip, knee, and shoulder. While not as common, Ankle replacement surgery is an effective treatment for restoring function and mobility to the ankle joint.
The primary goal of these procedures is to replace the damaged cartilage and any bone loss with a metal, plastic, or ceramic device called a prosthesis. The prosthesis can be attached to the bone with acrylic cement, or it can be press-fit, which allows the bone to grow into the implant. These prostheses are designed to replicate the movement of healthy, normal joints.
Ankle replacement surgery is recommended for patients who have lost mobility and function in the leg and ankle. It is a joint replacement surgery (also known as ankle arthroplasty) that replaces the bone surfaces and other tissues with prosthetic components.
When the tissues and structures of the ankle joint are damaged beyond natural repair, your foot and ankle surgeon may recommend ankle replacement surgery for you. Ankle replacement surgery helps to reduce ankle pain, increase joint stability, and improve overall mobility and function.
You may be a candidate for hip replacement surgery if your mobility is limited due to arthritis and your pain has not improved with nonsurgical treatment options.
Typically, nonsurgical treatments like anti-inflammatory medications, physical therapy, and injections are used to treat hip pain caused by arthritis. At OrthoMed, our orthopedic surgeons also offer hip preservation techniques to preserve the remaining healthy cartilage in the hip, helping patients delay or avoid the need for surgery.
If conservative options or hip preservation techniques are not sufficient to relieve your hip pain, hip replacement surgery may be a better option.
If you have had a hip replacement and experienced issues with the implants, you may be a candidate for hip revision surgery. Initial hip replacements are generally very successful for most patients and provide lasting pain relief for many years. However, some patients may need a second hip replacement (hip revision surgery or revision total hip replacement) due to infection, implant wear, or injury.
After an initial hip replacement, implant problems may develop soon after the surgery or several years later. If you experience any such issues, it is important to consult an orthopedic surgeon who has experience with hip revision surgery, as it is more complex than an initial hip replacement surgery. At OrthoMed, our orthopedic surgeons have the specialized skills and experience to perform hip revision surgery, offering patients the best possible outcomes.
Knee replacement surgery may be right for you if you have ongoing knee pain, even with ongoing nonsurgical treatment. Knee replacement surgery can help relieve pain and restore function in severely diseased knee joints.
Knee replacement surgery is often recommended for people who have severe pain caused by osteoarthritis, affecting their ability to walk, climb stairs, and get in and out of chairs. Some people even have knee pain at rest.
In determining if a knee replacement surgery is right for you, your orthopedic surgeon will consider your age, weight, activity level, knee size and shape, and overall health. He will also examine your knee to assess your range of motion, stability, and strength. X-rays may be ordered to help determine the extent of the damage.
Partial knee replacement surgery is recommended for patients with knee arthritis or a knee injury limited to one side of the knee. During a partial knee replacement (also known as a unicompartmental knee replacement), only the damaged side of the knee is replaced with prosthetics, and healthy bone remains.
If you have had a knee replacement and have experienced problems, you may be a candidate for revision knee replacement. Initial knee replacement surgery can provide significant pain relief from arthritis and allow a patient to remain active for many years after the procedure. Fortunately, many of these patients can live the rest of their lives without the need for additional knee surgery. For other patients, a second procedure may be required to correct problems caused by the initial procedure or to replace an implant that has worn over time. This is known as a revision knee replacement.
Since revision knee replacement is more complex than initial knee replacement surgery, it is important to choose a surgeon who has expertise in revision procedures to ensure the best possible outcome.
If you have severe arthritis or a fracture in your shoulder joint, you may be a candidate for shoulder replacement surgery. During surgery, the orthopedic surgeon replaces the worn parts of your shoulder joint with artificial components. It is a complex procedure performed to relieve shoulder pain and improve mobility and function.
Reverse shoulder replacement is recommended for patients who have large rotator cuff tears and cuff tear arthropathy. Cuff tear arthropathy is a complex type of shoulder arthritis.
Standard shoulder replacement surgery is not as beneficial for these patients because their rotator cuff muscles can no longer help position and power the arm during range of motion. As a result, standard shoulder replacement surgery, which relies on the rotator cuff muscles to move the arm, would not be successful. Patients would just experience pain and limited motion.
Alternatively, reverse shoulder replacement surgery works better for these patients because it relies on different muscles to move the arm.
Our board-certified orthopedic surgeons at OrthoMed Center are here to help with your joint replacement procedure. Their expertise, combined with our experienced staff, ensures you are in good hands throughout the surgical process. If you think you may be a candidate for joint replacement surgery and would like to schedule an appointment with one of our surgeons, please call our office at (209) 524-4438 to schedule an appointment. You may also request an appointment online.